Las Cañadas is the highest record in the history of man in Tenerife, due to the wealth of archaeological sites.
El Teide and Las Cañadas not only had a spiritual meaning for the Guanches, but this area was also a key to survival in certain seasons resort. In summer these high mountain produced pastures concentration of cattle and herdsmen from all over the island.
The Guanches called the Teide “Echeyde", which means “abode of Guayota, to the Evil". According to tradition, Guayota kidnapped the god of the Sun, Magec, and took him into the Teide. Then darkness came over the island and the Guanches asked for help to Achamán, its celestial supreme being. God was able to defeat the Evil, remove the sun from captivity and sealing the mouth of Echeyde. They say the cap that put Achamán is called Sugar Loaf, the last cone that crowns the Teide.
It seems that the legend guanche coincides with what was the last major eruption in the same peak of Teide.
According with what Fernando de Colóntells in his book “History of the Almirante" when the ships passed near Tenerife on August 24, 1492, in scale at La Gomera to the way to America looked out great flames coming out of the highest mountain of all the islands.
In 1798 came the last major eruption that was within the boundaries of the National Park and formed the calls Noses del Teide. For three months, they left 12 million cubic meters of lava oriented northwest-southwest on the slopes of Pico Viejo, also known as Mountain Chahorra.
Even today, apparently asleep the impressive volcano continues to impose respect for all those who come to him.
Its majestic mole is the soul of the National Park, and the center of this land dominated by climate absolute tyranny. The Teide is not considered extinct, as is still the possibility that his entrails burst again, though geologists consider very remote chance of this happening.
Moreover, it should be noted the names of some men without whose work the exquisite flora of this area would not be known. The first naturalist who studied the flora of the park was the German Alexander von Humboldt, who spent the winter of 1799-1800 in the Canaries. Whoever made the first valid description of the Violeta del Teide was Feuillée in 1724. During the 50s of the twentieth century was the Swedish Sventenius who focused on the vegetation of the National Park.
In 1954 it is declared by decree the creation of the Teide National Park, in order to protect a landscape of impressive beauty which, together with the special geological characteristics and peculiarities of the flora and fauna that supports make it worthy of this declaration. In 1981 the Teide National Park Act (March 25) is reclassified. In 1989 the Council of Europe granted the National Park the European Diploma in its highest category. This award management and conservation has been renewed in 1994, 1999 and 2004.
On July 2, 2007, the Teide National Park was listed as a Natural World Heritage Well, after the meeting of the World Heritage Convention of UNESCO held in Christchurch, New Zealand.